West Virginia
West Virginia
TierMid Tier

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Responsive Gov’s Grade TL;DR

The West Virginia Legislature made one minor pro-voter improvement to the state’s election laws last year by extending the online voter registration deadline by a few hours. However, the state took a major step back with regards to election security when Secretary Warner pulled the state out of ERIC without establishing a reliable alternative method to ensure the state’s voter rolls remain accurate and up-to-date. West Virginia received a C- on this year’s progress report.

Looking Back

Where West Virginia Started at the Beginning of 2023

  • Automatic Voter Registration: Hard Stop
  • Online Voter Registration: DMV ID
  • Same-Day Registration: No
  • Restoration of Rights: Parole and/or Probation Disenfranchisement
  • Vote by Mail: Excuse-Only
  • Electronic Registration Information Center Member: Yes
  • Early Voting Opportunities: In-Person Absentee
  • ID Requirements: ID Requested, but not Required

Relying on the Cost of Voting Index for West Virginia as of 2022, we considered the state a middle tier state for pre-existing voting policy and compared its 2023 activity against other middle tier states. Last year, West Virginia was considered a bottom tier state.

How Our Tier Compares

  • COVI (2022): 19th
  • EPI Score (2020): 15th
  • CLC State Scorecard (2022): 4/10
  • MAP Democracy Rating (2022): FAIR

2023: This Past Year

Legislative Action

The West Virginia Legislature made only one small improvement to election laws this past year.

  • S 631 slightly extends the online voter registration deadline a few additional hours from close of business on the 21st day before the election to 11:59pm on the 21st day.

Executive Action

  • Last year, Secretary of State Mac Warner resigned the state’s membership in the Electronic Registration Information Center (ERIC) which helped keep the state’s voter registration list up-to-date. Unfortunately, this action will only make the state’s voter rolls less secure and accurate.